Toilet Problems ?

Here are a few remedies !

by W.D. Plumbing

Ca.Lic.# 480928
Santa Cruz, Ca. (831) 4761222 (831) 6881121
Toilet Stopped Up
Removal and Installation

Is your toilet stopped and making a mess of your bathroom floor ?

The first thing your going to need to do is turn off the water to the toilet. There should be a shut off valve at the left side of toilet and against the wall below the toilet tank. Turn the valve clockwise until it stops. That should stop the water from filling the toilet and over flowing. If the valve at the toilet will not shut off, you will need to shut the water off to the entire house.

To locate the main shut off to your house. Walk out to the water meter and walk or look straight toward the house. There should be a hose bib (a place to hook up a hose) with a gate valve below it. Turn that valve clockwise until it stops. Then open the hose bib to let the pressure off.

You will need a plunger. Now we get to the messy and not so pleasant part. I assume the toilet bowl is full. Put your plunger into the toilet bowl. Don't start plunging the toilet until you have removed the air from the plunger. To do this, push the plunger to the side of the drain in the toilet. You will see the air bubbles as you do this.

Next while you are pushing down on the plunger, slide it over the toilet drain and slowly release the pressure on the plunger. This will cause the plunger to draw water back into itself. This will give you water to push rather than air. Now you can start plunging. When you push the plunger, push hard and when drawing back on it, do not raise it out of the water or you will fill the plunger with air again. If while you are plunging your toilet you see water coming up in your tub or shower. Your main sewer line is stopped up and you need your main sewer line snaked.

If you plunge the toilet and it seems to be clear only to back up again when you flush it. There are a couple of other remedies you may want to try.

You are going to need a toilet auger. You may purchase one from your hardware store's plumbing department.

Now that you have a toilet auger a pair of heavy gloves and eye protection . While holding on to the log tube of the auger, pull the handle until it stops (about 3 ft.). On the opposite end of the auger you will see a spring like end. Insert this end into the toilet bowl drain as far as it will go (about 6 in.). With your left hand holding the tube of the auger, start turning the handle clockwise. Apply downward pressure on the handle while turning it. This will cause the auger to go down the drain. Keep applying pressure and turning the handle until the handle is all the way down to it's original position. Now pull it back out.

There may be something on the end of the auger making it hard to pull out. If you find it will not pull out. Start turning the handle while pulling. Usually it pulls out. If you can not get to pull out you are going to need to remove toilet. We will get into that later.

Assuming you were able to remove the auger and you are reasonably sure there is nothing plugging the toilet. Sometimes the auger will push the obstruction on down the line and you will not bring any thing back .

If it sill does not flush it may be one other thing. You will need a wire coat hanger for this one. Open the wire hanger and put a small bend in the end. Remove the water from the bowl. In most toilet models there are two holes in the bottom of the bowl. There is a large hole to the rear of the toilet (the drain) and a small hole toward the front of the bowl. The small hole could be plugged with water deposits. Put the bent end of the coat hanger into the small hole and twist it back and forth. You should see deposits coming out of the hole. Try flushing the toilet. The toilet should flush.

Removal and Installation

To remove a toilet you will need the following tools:
1- 6" channel lock
1- 1" wide putty knife
1- small screw driver
1- medium screw driver
1- toilet plunger

Removing a Toilet

The first thing to do is turn off the water to the toilet. The shut off valve for the toilet is located on the left rear of the toilet near the floor and on the wall. Turn the valve clockwise until it stops. Some mobilhomes are not equipped with shut off valves at the fixtures. For those with that problem you can turn the water off at your service connection.

Next flush the toilet to get all of the water out if the tank possible. You may want to use a hand towel to soak up the remaining water from the tank. Now you will need to remove the water from the bowl. You can do that with the plunger. Follow the instructions in the section above.

Now that the water is out of the bowl using your channel lock, unscrew the water supply tubing from the toilet. Be careful not to break the tubing so you may use it later. Remove the two bolts at the base of the toilet. Some older models have four bolts at the base. In either case remove all of the bolts from the base of the toilet. Also found on the older models are bolts that anchor the tank to the wall. Wall anchors are normally found on toilets with tanks not directly attached to the toilet. That is another matter all together. All this considered, facing the wall, grasp the toilet bowl on each side as close to the tank as possible. You will have to stand with your feet on each side of the bowl. Bend your knees and lift straight up. You will need to lift it high enough to clear the bolts the toilet was bolted to. Holding the toilet level step back, small steps because you have a toilet between your legs. Once you have backed far enough to clear the bolts, put the toilet down on some news paper.

Installing a Toilet.

If you have just removed a toilet you will need to remove the old wax from the flange the toilet was bolted to. If you are reinstalling a toilet you will need to remove wax from the bottom of the toilet before reinstalling it.

You should remove and replace the bolts the toilet was bolted to. These bolts are better known as closet bolts. To remove the closet bolts, loosen the nut holing the bolt to the closet flange, then slide the bolt out. To replace the closet bolts you will need to purchase a closet bolt kit. Be sure there are four nuts, four washers, and two closet bolts. Secure the closet bolt to the flange using a washer and a nut. Put the new bolt in the same place the one you removed was in otherwise the toilet will not sit straight. Replace both closet bolts.

Replace the bowl wax. The best way to replace a bowl wax is to put it on the outlet of the toilet.

Put the toilet close to the flange so you will not have to move it far to install it. The toilet should be situated so that the flange is directly behind the toilet.

Facing the tank with feet on both sides of the toilet bowl, grasp the bowl as close to tank as possible, bend your knees and lift the toilet. Move it over the new bolts and sit it on the flange. Sit on the toilet seat to cause the wax to seal. put nuts and washers on the closet bolts and carefully tighten the nuts. Tighten them evenly until snug. Sit on the toilet again to cause the wax to seal. Snug the bolts up again just past snug. Check the bolts in a day or two. If they are loose tighten them up again.